The Gouldian Finch is 5 1/2 inches (14cm). It is the most colourful of the Australian finches. Scarlet head, bordered with narrow black band, followed by a broad turquoise band. Throat and chin black. Breast deep purple, followed by golden-yellow. Neck, wings and tail green. Undertail coverts white. Black tail. Eyes brown, beak white with smudges of red, legs pink tinted. Also black-headed form (most common in wild) and yellow-headed form (rare). Female duller and bill charcoal during season.
Northern Australia, especially Kimberley district.
The Gouldian Finch likes grassy plains with trees, mangrove swamps and thickets, near water.
Protein-rich foods, vitamins, minerals, soaked and just-sprouted small seeds. Avoid white millet as this causes illness and even death among Gouldians.
Dry, warm (86°F/30°C) aviary at humidity of about 70 per cent.
The Gouldian Finch is a Social bird. Hollow log or half-open nest box 6 X 6 X 10 inches (15 X 15 X 25cm), entrance 2 inches (5cm), which they line with dry or fresh grass, hay or coconut fibre. Don’t furnish materials longer than 4 inches (10cm). Some pairs prolific, others need Bengalese as foster parents. Lay 3 to 8 eggs, incubation 14 to 16 days by both partners, fledging 21 to 24 days. First moult at 8 to 10 weeks, adult colours at 5 months.